Minimalism is one of the most significant design movements of the 20th century. It is the most effective, powerful and influential design these days. It provides modesty to the house. As the name indicates, minimalist design is certainly not a splendid or lavish style but it’s not even an absence of design and style. Minimalism continued the trend of rejecting the lavish and highly decorative designs of the past. It gives an elegant look to the design because of its simplicity and modesty.
The term minimalism is used to describe a trend in design and architecture in which the elements used are reduced according to their need and necessity. It is just to keep things simple and facile. Minimalism is defined as:
“The use of the barest and fewest essentials or elements, as in arts, literature and design.”
“A style or technique in design that is characterized by extreme spareness and simplicity.”
In minimalism, the design elements convey the message of simplicity. The basic geometric forms, shapes, graceful and elegant colors and textures, elements without decoration, simple materials and the repetitions of structures represent a sense of order and essential quality. In interior design, minimalism means spacious rooms with minimum of furniture and elements. The main element of this design is attention to shape, color and texture.
Minimalistic designs are highly influenced by Japanese traditional design and architecture. With reference to home and interior design, more attractive “minimalistic” designs are not truly minimalistic because they use more expensive materials and finishes and are also large in sizes.
What Is A Minimalist Design?
In interior designing and home décor, the minimalist design is seeking importance and is becoming famous these days because of the minimal elements used gracefully which enhance the elegancy, modesty and beauty of the home or building in architecture and interior designing.
In minimalist design, the space, objects and lighting play equally important roles. This design is a bold style rather than being boring. It is also functional and highly memorable. Minimalist design was never inspired by strictness, austerity and poverty. It is not a cheap option as it is considered as a luxurious, rich, gorgeous, lavish and graceful style. It is expensive as well as simple in form and functionality as it is to avoid pointless accessories and decorations.
Characteristics Of A Minimalistic Design:
Minimalism has become popular these days according to the lifestyle of people and the design philosophy. The minimalist architecture is about achieving better design through simplicity that is the simplicity in lines, form, space, detail, decorations, lights, colors and materiality. The minimalist design also shows control and the careful decrease, cut down and editing of spaces to get simple and clear place.
Everybody likes clean and open spaces in the rooms that help the architecture, the furniture and the materials in the room to breathe. The simple materials, honest detailing and simplicity make the minimalism so appealing to the eyes. We like and enjoy minimalism because we appreciate the warmth, the calmness and the beauty that these types of spaces or environments emanate or exude.
There are some characteristics of modern minimalist house design. These characteristics include:
- Simplicity In Form And Function:
The minimalist house design must be simple, efficient and straightforward. It provides stacked volumes of spaces. The minimalism creates clarity and simplicity in the design and it makes the areas and spaces uncomplicated and predictable. Simple forms and shapes, minimal interior walls, large and open floors, modest, simple and decent storage areas and emphasis and great importance on views and daylight are the defining characteristics of minimalist designs.
The simple home designs without any complications, extra materials and accessories and complexity is the key of minimalist design.
Minimalism is to avoid the bright and bold colors and generally stick to the neutral color palates like whites, beiges and grays. These monochromatic color schemes are the concept of reducing something to its essence.
- Uncomplicated Covering And Wall Finishes:
In a minimalist design, the use of simple, uncomplicated and facile covering and wall finishes easily provide clarity, visual appeal and attraction by conveying and expressing the physical characteristics of the materials used and their textures.
- Clean, Open, Light-Filled Spaces:
The minimalist design has always clean, open and light filled spaces which are the fundamentals of this design. The use of neutral color palette, light color tones for walls, clean modern detailing and accessories and uncluttered spaces give the minimalist design a calm, attractive and interesting appeal.
The rooms in the minimalist design are spacious filled with light, uncluttered and they have artistic taste. These rooms have necessary objects only, that’s why the room gets airy and breathable. The natural light in the area helps it to feel warm and cozy rather than cold and sterile.
- Essentials Only:
One of the main characteristics of minimalism is to eliminate the waste. If the object is not necessary then get rid of it. To achieve a minimalist house design, one should survey first of all the possessions and decide which of them are useful according to the needs and necessities and discard the rest of them. Minimalism doesn’t mean that one has to be completely practical. The concept of minimalism is unique. It possesses the beauty that serves a purpose. The ornamentation and accessories used in minimalism should be good, they should not be ample.
- Simple Detailing Devoid Of Decoration:
Minimalist designs are always popular because of the use of minimum objects only. There is no clutters and abundance of decorations, accessories and objects. It is also to avoid the complexities and trim the details as well as paring down to only what is necessary.
- Strategic Use Of Materials For Visual Interest, Texture And Personality:
A good minimalist house design can be achieved by a good strategy. It is very important to use a good strategy to create simplicity in materials, forms and details. It’s not about cleaning the house aggressively or ruthlessly and to get rid of all your possessions, hence it has more to do with choosing order, calmness, intention and clarity. We are not living with less by focusing on a few handful of elements in minimalism, it is rather drawing attention to the color, texture and shape of the things and spaces.
Principles Of Minimalist Design
There is beauty in simplicity but there is always a skill required in creating minimalist interior design style. There are some principles of minimalist design. These are as follows:
- Invest In Quality:
While creating a minimalist design be sure to invest in quality rather than quantity. It is not necessary to spend less in minimalist design. Choose designer lights and fittings, high quality storage spaces etc to decorate the house without cluttering.
- Choose Multiple Materials:
The minimalist design style must be interesting for the people. Traditionally, in minimalist design, always soft color tones are used, but choose a texture with different varieties like glass, canvas, cloth, timber and pottery. This design style is all about combination of form and function which can be achieved by rich textures in a functional home item.
- Select A Standout Piece Of Furniture:
Find and select a standout piece of furniture for the rooms, let it emphasize. Now choose the accessories and decorations in combination with the furniture. The furniture can be of bold and bright colors but it can retain the principle of form and function and clear line that can connect with the interior design.
- Let A Work Of Art Dominate:
In a room let the piece of art dominate. In a room with simple modern furniture, accessories, decorations and neutral color palettes used, add a dominating piece of art whether with bright colors, textures or designs.
- Add An Emphasized Element:
In designing minimalism, add an element that is emphasized in the room. For example, mix a neutral color tone like beige, white or gray etc with contrast color that is a piece of furniture, a piece of art, accent or feature wall, a large decoration piece etc. It should catch the eye of a person on entering the room by drawing attention to something that is extra special and unique.
- Keep Furniture Simple:
There is a large variety of furniture available in the market. It is better and sensible to choose the furniture that is minimal and simple in design. So the other things can catch the center of attention like a piece of art etc.
- Let Views Speak For Themselves:
If the home with minimalism features the remarkable and exceptional view so minimize or reduce the size and quantity of complexities of the indoor space. Let the focal point be the view itself. Keep the furniture simple, remove the unnecessary or unwanted items. Opt for one or two indoor plants that complement to the piece of art.
- Allow A Plenty Of Open Space:
In minimalism there is plenty of open space in the home. Avoid the desire to fill up all the space in the room with furniture and accessories because there is plenty of extra space to fill. The idea in minimalism is to have an open and wide space in the rooms to achieve a relaxing and calm environment.
- Use Light As Decor:
It is also important in minimalism to use light as décor. Always use fancy and designer lights in minimalist homes. Avoid chandeliers as they are the worst nightmares of a minimalist home design. Choose the decorative, stunning lights that are available in the market. Those lights are works of art in themselves and they can complement the minimalist interior design.
Elements Of Minimalist Design
Following are the elements of the minimalist home design:
The color is the main element of minimalist design. The color schemes are very important when it comes to minimalist designs. The bright and bold colors are not acceptable for minimalism, only the neutral color tones and palettes like beiges, whites and grays can be used in minimalism.
Light is also one of the main elements of minimalism. The natural light is always beneficial in minimalist designs as it helps to provide warmth and coziness in the room or area. Light helps the rooms to look bigger and spacious.
Usually the texture used as in walls and flooring should be plain and simple in minimalist design. To add a texture to the walls is also a good visual element. The textures can be added with the help of tiles like wood or faux stone. The neutral color tones will fit in with these textures easily.
- Shape, Form And Space:
The shape, form and space are significant elements of minimalist design. Geometric shapes and forms are most commonly used in minimalism. The forms and shapes imply space, actually they both cannot exist without space. The space in minimalist design refers a clean and wide area. The more the space is, the more the minimalist is the design.
Lines are a vital element of minimalism. Clear and fine lines are acceptable in the design and architecture.
The architecture in a minimalist design is basic and simple. Geometric shapes are used to design the walls and roofs. The roofs are flat rather than pitched. The use of walls is limited as to create an open living space. The finishes used on the floors, walls and countertops are simple and smooth and are left in or close to their natural state.
Choose the furnishings for minimalism that are simple, made up of natural materials like wood and geometric in shape. Large furnishings that are bulky and heavy are unnecessary.
- Accessories And Decorations:
The accessories should create visual interest in the space. Bold colors and designs can be used in accessories as they are small and they do not divert attention. Use minimal amount of accessories to avoid clutter.
Minimalist Design Tips
There are some tips for minimalist home design which are discussed below:
- Keep It Simple:
When using minimalist design in a house, always keep it simple, straightforward, efficient and practical. It should be clean and without any clutters.
- Form And Function In Every Piece:
Always use geometric forms in minimalist designs. Everything used like forms, accessories, furnishings etc must be functional. They must have a purpose of using them.
- A Calming Color Palette:
Always use neutral and light color palettes like whites, beiges and grays as they are calm and cool colors as well as they help in the concept of more space in the room visually. Always use two colors to maintain a consistent look throughout the house.
- Clever Storage Solutions:
In minimalist design, the storage spaces must be clever and hidden. Minimalism doesn’t mean to have a bare minimum amount of the belongings. When adopting minimalism, make storage spaces in floors, make trap doors and storage ottomans etc.
- Minimal Accessories And Decorations:
The accessories and decorations in minimalist design are simple and minimum. They can be of bright and bold colors as they are small in size and number.
The furnishings used must be simple in color, texture and forms. Light colors or natural effects like wood, geometric shapes and forms and plain designs and textures are better for minimalism.
Pros and Cons
Some of the pros and cons of minimalist home design are discussed below:
- Lots Of Air And Space:
Minimalism provides feeling of freedom in a room. There is lots of air and space in the room even if the apartment is small. There is lots of space to move comfortably.
- Comfort From Quality:
Make sure to have furnishings, accessories and decorations of high quality. As quality specifically matters over quantity in minimalism.
It is well organized with quality goods and simplicity.
- Easy To Repair:
There is no such fancy in the elements of minimalism like painted walls, fancy floorings etc that makes them difficult to repair. It is always easy to repair.
- Easy To Clean:
As there is no clutter and the spaces are empty and smooth and simple geometric shapes in minimalism, it is easy to clean.
- Relaxing Environment And Mental Relief:
Minimalism is also a sign of psychological relief and relaxation, as simple forms, open horizons, no clutter and neutral colors provide relaxing environment with mental relief.
- Everything In Its Right Place:
The minimalist design ensures that everything is in its right place and fits perfectly.
- Maintains The Integrity Of The Interior:
In minimalism, it is important to maintain its integrity and purity so nothing can be added, only the old things can be replaced. Otherwise, the minimalism will lose its essence.
- High Cost:
Minimalism is high in cost. The quality of an object matters over quantity. So the objects are of good quality, appearance as well as functional. This is an expensive lifestyle.
Sometimes it’s a kind of soulless and boring with repetition of neutral colors, geometric shapes and forms and monotonous in everything.
- Psychological Complexities:
As minimalism is a certain way of life, it is hard for a person to get rid of his/her dearest things and have a few of them in the house. So it creates psychological complexities.
- De-Clutter Regularly:
In minimalism, it’s important to De-clutter regularly. Otherwise, it will become messy.
Minimalism is becoming popular these days because of its simplicity. There is an absence of clutter in minimalism. There is lots of empty space that’s why the rooms are easy to clean and the neutral color scheme creates a great sense of space. It provides a relaxing environment. It is also an organized life style with minimal quality stuff.